Benjoin Siam First Grade

BENJOIN SIAM (FIRST GRADE)

Specifications:

Botanical Name: Styrax tonkinensis
100% pure & natural
Origin country: Vietnam
Form: Solid gum
Product Classification: Wild Harvested
CAS Number: 9000-72-0
Color: Ivory to orange-yellow color
Odor: Vanillin
Package: in carton box 25kg
Shelf Life: Min 3 years

 

 

50 $

Plant descriptions:

Benjoin Siam is a balsamic resin from Styrax tonkinensis (Pierre) Craib ex Hartwitch tree, which belongs to the Styracaceae family. It is collected directly from the tree, cleaned and sorted into grades according to size. The production is entirely manual, from tapping to packaging. It is variously referred to as Benjoin Siam, Benjoin Vietnam, Benjoin Laos or in a generic way as “benzoin gum”. Vietnam & Laos are considered as the major producer of Benjoin Siam, if not the only two at present.

 

 

Benjoin tapping

Benjoin Siam is commercialized after it has been cleaned and sorted into three grades, according to its size: grade 1- large tears; grade 2 – medium tears; grade 3 – small tears and powder. The various grades do not present any significant variation of the chemical composition but are the result of the cleaning process. They can have only an impact on the colour of the product during the storage at ambient temperature (from beige to brown colour).

The product presents a strong vanilla smell, is insoluble in water and soluble in ethanol.

 

Benjoin Resin

Ready processed for export, Benjoin Siam appears as pieces which are opaque, grainy, ovoid, flattened (almonds), from few to 30 mm, white-yellow.

After storage at ambient temperature, Benjoin Siam can slightly melt and appears as agglomerated brown-red mass. Its colour turns reddish outside due to air exposure but stays white- yellow inside.

Besides Benjoin Siam, another type of benzoin is produced, Benjoin Sumatra, obtained from two other Styrax species, Styrax benzoin Dryander and Styrax paralleloneurum Perkins. These two resins differ in their botanical source, geographical origin and chemical composition. The term “benzoin gum” can include one or the other of the two sources or their mixtures.

 

Packing Benjoin siam

 

In Benjoin Siam, the main constituents are benzoic acid and its esters (such as coniferyl benzoate and benzyl benzoate), while in Benjoin Sumatra the major constituents are cinnamic acid and its esters (such as coniferyl cinnamate and cinnamyl cinnamate). Vanillin is present in both types of benzoin resins and gives rise to its familiar vanilla odour (most readily detected in the Siam type).

Chemical characterization:

The product can be described as white-yellow to reddish splits of flattened almond-like grains with a strong vanilla smell. The resin is composed mainly by benzoic acid (15-45 %) and coniferyl benzoate (15-60%), with lesser amounts of vanillin (<5%), benzyl benzoate (<2%), 2-hydroxy-1- phenylethanone and 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone.

 

Functional uses:

Benjoin Siam used as a flavour additive can be considered as a flavour enhancer, flavour stabiliser, flavour support and a flavour fixer. Those functionalities are likely to improve the flavour stability and thus the organoleptic properties of the preparation.

 

Specification

 

SPECIFICATIONS

Product name: BENJOIN SIAM GUM

(Styrax Tonkinensis Gum)

 

1. PRODUCT DISCRIPTION.

Benjoin is the fragrant, resinous exudation secreted by a tree – the Styrax tonkinensis – after an attack by a parasite or an incision in the trunk. In September, the styrax growers manually tap the tree, making multiple incisions on the trunks of mature trees to encourage exudation of the precious gum. After only a few weeks, the white, brittle tears of benzoin flow down the trunk. Oxidation of the tears, caused by contact with the air, will give them a superficial, orangey-brown color. Harvesting the tears is often from December to January. 

Styrax tonkinensis comes mainly from the northern highlands Vietnam and Laos between 800 and 1,600meters’ altitude. This large tree was identified by botanist L. Pierre, who named it Anthostyrax before it was renamed Styrax tonkinensis. It is also called Benzoin Siam, Benzoin Vietnam or Benjoin Laos Larmes

The sweet, vanilla-like smell of benzoin is very popular in gourmand perfume compositions. Diluting the Benjoin Siam Gum in a solvent makes it easier to use in formulas. 

2. PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES.

Appearance: Solid gum

Colour: Ivory white colour to Orange yellow color

Odour: Balsamic, sweet, vanilla odour

Flash point: N/A 

Melting point: above 60°C

Specific gravity: N/A

Refractive index: N/A

Solubility Soluble in alcohol and Insoluble in water.

3. MAIN APPLICATION: 

Benjoin gum is prized for its use in incense and natural cosmetics because of its vanilla-like scent. It can also be used to flavor foods and beverages 

Benjoin resin is a common ingredient in incense-making and perfumery because of its vanilla ice-cream aroma and fixative properties. Gum benjoin is a major component of the type of church incense used in Asia where it is burned on charcoal as an incense. In perfumery, benjoin is used as a fixative, slowing the dispersion of essential oils and other fragrance materials into the air. Its penetrating qualities are useful in massage for easing tired muscles. It is used in treating arthritis, bronchitis, chapped skin, coughing, laryngitis, and stress. It has the ability to instantly calm and soothe the soul emotionally.

4. DIRECTION USE:

In perfumery: Blend benjoin gum with alcohol 96% or blend benzoin oil with essential oils to make perfume.

In incense: Burned benjoin for fragrance

5. HANDLING & PACKING.

Storage in a cool, dry & ventilated area away from heat sources & protected from light. 

Refer to product MSDS for furthermore information.

Packing in cotton/jute bag. 

6. WARNING & NOTE

 The data was obtained from current and reliable sources, but is supplied without warranty, expressed or implied, regarding its’ correctness or accuracy. It is the user’s responsibility to determine safe conditions for the use of this product, and to assume liability for loss, injury, damage or expense arising from improper use of this product. The information provided does not constitute a contract to supply to any specification, or for any given application, and buyers should seek to verify their requirements and product use.  

 

 

MSDS

 

 

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

(according to Regulation (EU) No. 1907/2006)

Product name: Benjoin Siam Gum

Number: BODEF0124

 

1. IDENTIFICATION OF SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION & COMPANY.

Product name: BENJOIN SIAM GUM

Lot number: BODE1223

Manufacturer/Supplier: Vietnam Essential Oil., JSC

Add: Bai Dai Village, Tien Xuan Commune, Thach That Dist, Ha Noi City, Vietnam

Email: [email protected]

Emergency telephone: +84 903561868

Emergency Contact:  Mr. Peter Tron

 

2. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS.

The Benjoin Siam Gum obtained from the resin of the Styrax tonkinensis tree original from Vietnam.

Composition: 100% pure & natural

CAS No: 9000-72-0 – FEMA: 2133 – EINECS: 232-556-7

INCI Name: Styrax tonkinensis Gum

 

3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION:

This product is not hazardous. Not dangerous for the environment.

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H315 Causes skin irritation

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

 

4. FIRST-AID MEASURES:

Inhalation:  Remove from exposure site to fresh air. Keep at rest. Obtain medical attention.

Eye contact:  Rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 mins. Contact a doctor if symptoms persist.

Skin contact:  Remove contaminated clothes. Wash thoroughly with soap & water, flush with plenty of water. If irritation persists, seek medical advice.

Ingestion:  Rinse mouth out with water. Seek medical advice immediately.

Other:  When assessing action take Risk & Safety Phrases into account (Section 15)

 

5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES.

Extinguishing media Use CO2, Dry Powder or Foam type Extinguishers, spraying extinguishing media to base of flames. Do not use direct water jet on burning material.

Special measures:  Avoid vapour inhalation. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus & protective clothing.

Extinguishing procedures:  Closed containers may build up pressure when exposed to heat and should be cooled with water spray.

 

6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES.                   

Personal precautions:  Avoid inhalation & direct contact with skin & eyes. Use individual protective equipment (safety glasses, waterproof-boots, suitable protective clothing) in case of major spillages.

Environment precautions:  Keep away from drains, soils, surface & groundwaters.

Cleaning up methods Remove all potential ignition sources. Contain spilled material. Cover for spillages: with an inert or non-combustible inorganic absorbent material, sweep up and remove to an approved disposal container. Observe state, federal & local disposal regulations.

 

7. HANDLING & STORAGE.

Precautions in handling:  Apply good manufacturing practice & industrial hygiene practices, ensuring proper ventilation. Observe good personal hygiene, and do not eat, drink or smoke whilst handling.

Storage conditions:  Store in tightly closed original container, in a cool, dry & ventilated area away from heat sources & protected from light. Keep air contact to a minimum.

Fire protection:  Keep away from ignition sources & naked flames. Take precautions to avoid static discharges in working area.

8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION.

Respiratory protection:  Avoid breathing product vapour. Apply local ventilation where possible.

Ventilation:  Ensure good ventilation of working area.

Hand protection:  Avoid all skin contact. Use chemically resistant gloves if required.

Eye protection:  Use safety glasses.

Work/Hygiene practices:  Wash hands with soap & water after handling.

 

9. PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES.

Appearance: Solid gum

Color: Ivory white to red yellow color

Odor: Vanillin 

Melting point: 60°C

Specific gravity: N/A

Solubility in water vegetable oils: Insoluble

Solubility in alcohol: Soluble.

 

10. STABILITY & REACTIVITY.

Reactivity:  It presents no significant reactivity hazards, by itself or in contact with water. Avoid contact with strong acids, alkali or oxidising agents.

Decomposition:  Liable to cause smoke & acrid fumes during combustion: carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide & other non-identified organic compounds may be formed.

 

11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION.

According to current information, not classed as hazardous to health in normal industrial use.

 

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION.

Biodegradability:  Data not available

Precautions:  Prevent surface contamination of soil, ground & surface water.

 

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS.

Avoid disposing to drainage systems and into the environment. Seek expert advice.

 

14. TRANSPORT REGULATIONS.

Shipping by road (ADR/RID): This product is not considered as dangerous goods

Shipping by air (IATA): This product is not considered as dangerous goods

Shipping by sea (IMDG): This product is not considered as dangerous goods

UN number: not regulated

UN proper shipping name: not regulated

Transportation hazard class: not regulated

Label: Benjoin Siam Gum.

 

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION. According to Directive 88/379/EEC

Hazards: Harmful

Symbols: n/a

Risk Phrases: Harmful if swallowed

Safety Phrases: If swallowed seek medical advice immediately and show the container / label.

 

16. OTHER INFORMATION.

Cosmetics Directive – 7th Amendment – Not Restricted

Check maximum usage levels for skin care products.

 

PACKAGING: 

In carton box 25kg

 

SHELF LIFE:

Minimum 36 months from manufacturing date.

 

Q.C. REQUIREMENTS.

In-line with general product specification. Always satisfy suitability for specific application.

The data provided in this material safety data sheet is meant to represent typical data/analysis for this product and is correct to the best of our knowledge. The data was obtained from current and reliable sources, but is supplied without warranty, expressed or implied, regarding its’ correctness or accuracy. It is the user’s responsibility to determine safe conditions for the use of this product, and to assume liability for loss, injury, damage or expense arising from improper use of this product. The information provided does not constitute a contract to supply to any specification, or for any given application, and buyers should seek to verify their requirements and product use.

 

 

Certificate of Analysis

 

CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS

No: 01/2024/BODEF

 

Product name

BENJOIN SIAM GUM

INCI name

Starax Tonkinensis Gum

Origin

Vietnam

Batch No.

BODEF0124

Manufacture date

01/2024

Expiry

01/2027

Cas No.

9000-72-0

Part use

Resin

 

Items

Specifications

Standards

Results

01

Appearance

Solid gum

Complied

02

Colour

Ivory white colour to orange yellow color

Complied

03

Odour

Characteristic odour of balsamic, sweet, vanilla odour

Complied

04

Solubility

Soluble in alcohol & Insoluble in water

Complied

05

Main components

Benzoic acid, Coniferyl benzoate, Vanillin, Benzyl benzoate

Complied

06

Conclusion

Comply all of the standards for Benzoin Siam Gum.

 

Storage: Keep in cool & dry place away from light & heat.

Caution: For external use only. Avoid contact with eyes. Keep out of reach of children.